The state of emergency can be established for a maximum period of 30 days. The Parliament must approve the president’s decree within five days.
The state of emergency can be enforced in crisis situations that require exceptional measures, such as when the national security and constitutional democracy are threatened or when a disaster occurs or is imminent.
The state of emergency represents the set of exceptional measures of a political, economic and public order nature applicable throughout the territory of the country or in some administrative-territorial units.
During the state of siege or the state of emergency, the exercise of fundamental rights and freedoms may be restricted, with the exception of human rights and the fundamental freedoms, only to the extent that the situation requires.
When establishing the state of emergency, some attributions of the specialized central public administration and of the local public administration fall within the competence of the military authorities and other public authorities, provided in the decree establishing the state of siege or emergency.
During the state of emergency, instituted in the case calamities that make it necessary to prevent, limit or eliminate, as the case may be, the consequences of disasters, the management of the measures taken is the responsibility of the National Emergency Management System, under the direct supervision of the minister administration and interior and in the coordination of the prime minister.
Measures that the authorities can take when the state of emergency is established:
-closing the state border, in its entirety or in the area in which the state of emergency was established, intensifying the control at the border crossing points that remain open, as well as border surveillance throughout its entire length.
-requisition of goods, according to the law limiting or prohibiting the movement of vehicles or persons in certain areas or between certain hours and issuing, in justified cases, free movement permits;
-to carry out checks on persons or places, when required;
deciding the temporary closure of some fuel distribution -stations, restaurants, cafes, clubs, casinos, headquarters of associations and other public places;
-temporarily suspending the appearance or distribution of publications or programs of radio or television stations;
-ordering the rationalization of food and other products of strict necessity.
-prohibiting road, rail, maritime, river and air traffic on different routes.
BUCHAREST, March 14 – Romanian President Klaus Iohannis announced on saturday that the country will enter an Emergency State starting monday.
“I decided to decree the state of emergency at the beginning of next week. This state of emergency will make it possible to allocate important new resources for crisis management. This way, the Government will have the possibility to allocate more money for the health sector,” said the president on Saturday evening, March 14, as the new Government led by prime minister Ludovic Orban was sworn in.
The state of emergency will also allow the authorities to make acquisitions in a very short time, with simplified procedures, thus making available to the Government all the necessary tools to manage in the most efficient way the crisis generated by the coronavirus.
The president also thanked all the political parties that voted for the new Government.
“I appreciate the vote that was given in the Romanian Parliament. A message of unity was sent. I am very pleased to note that most parliamentarians and parties have understood the weight of this moment,” said Iohannis.
“The first priority for the new government is to continue the fight against the coronavirus epidemic, to effectively manage the entire crisis that has arisen. The government that is taking over his mandate now is the government that has worked so far with the engine running, has worked well to manage this crisis.
Now, with all our strength, we will continue this struggle. The new government and I will devote all our energies one hundred percent to effectively manage this crisis and, obviously, after this crisis is over to govern very well for Romanians and for Romania,” the president added.
While the Government has done its job so far, president Iohannis also urged the citizens to do their part in fighting this crisis.
“The authorities are doing their job, the Government has done its job and so far very well – but alone we will only be able to do some of the work to be done. We need you, dear Romanias!
We need you to follow the guidelines, the directions of the authorities.
We need you to comply with the hygiene rules that are transmitted on public channels. We need you to avoid contacts that are not absolutely necessary. I know this is a little harder. And, yes, we need you to inform yourselves correctly from public sources, directly from the authorities,” the president said.
“To support parents who have school-age children, I have promulgated today the law that allows parents, under special conditions, when school is suspended, to stay at home and take care of their children,” he added.